BheemKund – The Mystery of Turquoise Water Kund

turquoise water
BheemKund - The Turquoise Water Kund (Image: Source)

Do you know that there is a Turquoise (Transparent) water Kund (tank or water reservoir) in India since Mahabharata times?

Yes, there is a place in heart of Incredible India - Madhya Pradesh known as BheemKund (Bhimkund) located near Bajna village in Chattarpur district in Madhya Pradesh. This is 77 kms. away from the Chattarpur district by road in Bundelkhand region.

Bheemkund also known as Neelkund is a natural water source and a holy place in India during Mahabharata kaal (times). The water of kund is so clean, transparent that you can clearly see fishes playing in the water.

bhimkund chattarpur
The Turquoise Water of Bheemkund (Image: Source)

According to stories this kund is associated with Mahabharata time, when Pandavas were in their exile (Vanvas) they visited this place at that time Draupadi (wife of Pandavas) felt thirsty and asked for water, Pandavas started searching for water reservoir but unfortunately they haven’t found any source, that time Bheem - the strongest man on earth (according to holy Mahabharata) smashed the earth with full strength from his mace (Gada – made of metal with spherical head mounted on a shaft, with a spike on the top) and water comes out of the place. That’s why this Kund is known as Bheemkund (Bhimkund).

There is saying that depth of Bheemkund is limitless/endless and till date no one is able to find the actual depth of Bheemkund. Few years ago a team from Discovery channel visited Bheemkund and tried to calculate depth of kund but unable to do so.

Locals here believe that Bheemkund is also an indicator of upcoming natural calamities. At the time of Tsunami in 2004 the water level here rose by 15 feet and same is the case at the time of Nepal or other earthquakes.

People also believe that water of this kund (tank) is so pure (holy) that anyone who bath here on the day of Makar sankranti will be free from all sins. The water of Bheemkund is turquoise blue; clean, transparent despite several people comes here daily for a holy bath.

natural water reservoir
Bheemkund (Image: Source)

How to Reach:

By Rail – There is no railway station near Bajna village in less than 10 kms. However Bina Junction is the major railway station at a distance of 137 kms connected to all major zones.

By Air – Khajuraho Airport is the nearest to Bheemkund at a distance of 92 kms.

By RoadTake a taxi from Khajuraho or Chattarpur town to reach Bheemkund, The distance from Khajuraho to Bheemkund via road is 92 kms. and from Chattarpur town is 77 kms. Taxis are easily available from these places.

Patal Bhuvaneshwar - The Gates To Char Dham - Kailasha On Earth

char dham idols inside patal bhuvaneshwar
Amarnath, Badrinath, Kedarnath Idols inside Patal Bhuvaneshwar (Image: Source)

Patal Bhuvaneshwar, one of the most fascinating places of the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand, is a limestone cave temple 14 km from Gangolihat in the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand state in India. It is located in the village Bhubneshwar. Legend and folklore have it that this underground cave enshrines Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu, Lord Bramha, Ganesha and thirty three crore (33-koti) Gods & Goddesses of Hindu religion. The cave is 160 m long and 90 feet deep from the point of entrance. Limestone rock formations have created various spectacular stalactite and stalagmite figures of various hues and forms. This cave has a narrow tunnel-like opening which leads to a number of caves. The cave is fully electrically illuminated. It is built due to the flow of water. Patal Bhuvaneshwar is not just one cave, rather a cave city. Caves within caves, steps leading to another, each one unmasking deep secrets from within. It has some cave opening and it is believed that these opening will be close as the centuries pass on. The scientific fact is that it's still being developed due to crystallization of the minerals which are dissolved in the water. As per belief, some doors which are now closed were opened thousands of years back. The total distance that a visitor can travel 70 ft below the surface is about 400 ft, with constant fear of falling down on the slippery passage. Humidity is very high and oxygen low. It is believed that only a small part of this cave system has been explored and major portion remains hidden in darkness and mystery (It's yet to be fully explored).

ganesha head on patal bhuvaneshwar
Ashtah Kamal and Ganesha Idol (Image: Source) 

Throughout the cave, the carvings are made on limestone rocks. As stated above, each god is seated in this cave. A general belief, that the worshiping in this cave is equal to the worship of Char Dham of the state. The great cave has four gates (Dwar) to access. The names of these gates (Dwar) are as Randwar, Paapdwar, Mokshadwar and Dharmdwar. It is said that the Paapdwar was closed after Rawana was no more and likewise Randwar was closed after the great war of Mahabharata. In this cave, the hairs of Lord Shiva, the Arawati of Lord Indra and the tongue of God Kali Bhairav, are kept.

hairs of shiva in patal bhuvaneshwar
Shiv Jata (Hairs of Lord Shiva) - Image: Source

Legend of the Cave:

The first human to discover this cave was Raja Ritupurna who was a king in Surya Dynasty who was ruling Ayodhya during the Treta Yuga. The story starts with Ritupurna and King Nala. It is said that once, King Nala was defeated by his wife, Queen Damayanti. In order to escape his wife’s prison Nala requested Ritupurna to hide him. Ritupurna took him to the forests of the Himalayas and asked him to stay there. While going back home he was fascinated by a deer which ran into woods and went after it. He could not find it and took rest under a tree. He had a dream where the deer was asking Ritupurna not to chase him. His sleep broke and as he woke up and went to a cave where a guard was standing. After enquiring about the cave he was allowed to go inside. Right at the entrance, Ritupurna met Sheshnag who agreed to take him through the cave. It carried him on his hood. He saw the marvels of Gods taking place inside. Here were all the 33-crore gods and goddesses including Lord Shiva himself. It is said that after his visit, the cave was closed for ages with a slight prediction in the Skandpurana that it will be reopened again in Kaliyuga. Shankarcharya in Kalyug, during his temporary visit to Himalayas re-discovered this cave. Since then regular worship and offering are being done at this place.

Shesh Naag (Image: Source) 


According to belief King Rituparna of the Sun dynasty (Surya Vansha) discovered the cave in ‘Treta yug’. It has been described in the ‘MANAS KHAND’ of ‘SKAND PURAN’. Adi Shankaracharya visited this cave in 1191 AD. That was the beginning of the modern pilgrimage history, at Patal Bhuvaneshwar. The journey inside the cave has to be carried in feeble lights, holding protective iron chains. The Stone formations of Sheshnag can be seen, holding earth, heaven the world beneath. ‘Havan’ (fire sacrifice) is performed in a dimly lit, solemn atmosphere, under the spell of holy chants. You’ll also be impressed by theto visit these parts form the celestial heights of His abode in Kailash. The cave, it is believed, is connected by an underground route to Mount Kailash. it’s believed that Pandavas, the ‘Mahabharat’ heroes proceeded towards their last journey in the Himalayas after meditating here, in front of Lord Shiva.

patal bhuvaneshwar cave
Kund Inside Patal Bhuvaneshwar Cave (Image: Source)

The Bhandaris are the priest of this cave from very old time and more than 20 generation since the time of the Adi Shankaracharya. They are the resident of a nearby village called Bhuvneshwar. That is why this place called Patal Bhuvneshwar. It is also believed that this cave is internally connected to the four abodes /seats (Char Dham).

patal bhubneshwar
Shiv Linga  (Image: Source)

Inscription outside the Temple:

"This awesome cave is believed to be as old as the earth itself. It has been mentioned in detail in the 103rd chapter of Manaskhand of "Skanda Purana". The first human who entered this cave was king "Rituparna" of Suraya Dynasty during the "Tretayuga". It is said that during his visit, he had encountered several demons and "Sheshnaag" himself acted as his guide. In "Duaparyuga" this cave was rediscovered by the Pandavas. In Kaliyuga, Adishankar Acharya consecrate this cave and since 1191 AD, this has been a place of visit, both for sightseeing and worship."

pandava idol inside patal bhuvneshwar
The Pandavas (Image: Source) 

Places to visit:

The motorable road ends half a kilometer away from the cave entrance. You have to descends nearly 100 steps into this narrow cave, to reach the sanctum sanctorum, which gives an overwhelming feeling that you’re entering the centre of the earth.

Each stone, each stalagmite within each cave or doorway, in magnificent erection revels the story of Hindu pantheon in the shapes of Gods, Goddesses, saints and known mythological characters.

patal bhuvaneshwar cave
Patal Bhuvaneshwar - Cave Entrance (Image: Source) 

Place to visit near Patal Bhuvaneshwar:
  • Gangolihat is 14 kms away from Patal Bhuvaneshwar. Gnagolihat is rich in folk culture, music and religious traditions and had been chosen by Shankaracharya for the installation of Mahakali Shaktipiaeeth.
  • Berinag & Chaukori is 27 and 38 kms away from Patal Bhuvaneshwar, these places offer the breathtaking views of the Himalayan peaks Nanda Devi and Pachchuli.
  • Gwaladham A sleepy Himalayan town surrounded by apple orchards. The base for the trek to Roopkhand.

How to reach Patal Bhuvaneshwar:

By Air:
The nearest airport to Patal Bhuvaneshwar is Pantnagar Airport. Pantnagar Airport is situated 244kms from Patal Bhuvaneshwar. Taxis are easily available to Patal Bhuvaneshwar from Pantnagar Airport. Patal Bhuvaneshwar is well connected by motorable roads with major towns of Kumaon.

By Rail:
Tanakpur serves as the nearest railway station to this small town located at a distance if 154 kms. This station is well approached by many major cities of India such as Delhi, Lucknow, Kolkata and Agra. Buses and taxis are easily available outside the station for a ride to Patal Bhuvaneshwar.

By Road:
Patal Bhuvaneshwar is well connected by motorable roads with major destinations of Uttarakhand state. Buses from ISBT Anand Vihar are existing to Tanakpur, Champawat, Pithoragarh, Lohaghat and lots of other destinations from where you can easily hire a local cab or bus to reach Patal Bhuvaneshwar.

Ghats (Mountain Ranges) To Visit Near Mumbai-Pune (Weekend Getaways)

Amboli Ghat

Amboli Ghat Waterfalls

Amboli Ghat

Amboli is in Sindhudurg, India. Amboli is a Ghat based hill station in south Maharashtra that lies in the Sahayadri Hills of Western India. At an altitude of 690 meters it is the last hill station before the coastal highlands of Goa and a relatively unexplored one. Amboli receives the highest rainfall in Maharashtra and remains pleasant all around the year. The best season to visit Amboli is during the monsoon between June and August where there are heavy rains.

Bhor Ghat

Bhor Ghat

Bhor Ghat (Mumbai-Pune Expressway)

Bhor Ghat is a mountain passage located between Karjat and Khandala .The Bhor road ghat cuts the Sahyadri range to join Khandala to Khopoli and handles traffic on the busiest route in India between Mumbai to Pune. The Rail route which passes through the Ghat with 28 tunnels with old bridges makes the view of Ghat magnificent. The place is quite famous for the Camping.

Chorla Ghat

Chorla Ghat Waterfall (Mountain View)

Chorla Ghat

Chorla Ghat is a nature destination located on the intersection of the borders of Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra. It lies to the north-east of Panaji, Goa (about 50 kilometers by road) and nearly 55 kilometers from Belgaum, Karnataka. It is a part of the Western Ghats in the Sahyadri mountain range and is at an elevation of 800 meters. This region is mainly famous because it is the home of some of very rare species of wildlife, that’s the reason this place is particularly famous in between wildlife enthusiast.

Kasara Ghat

Kasara Ghat

Kasara Ghat During Rainy Season

Kasara ghat is a ghat section in the Western Ghats near the town of Kasara in Maharashtra. The Kasara Ghat is located on the busy Mumbai–Nashik route, Highway as suggested by many is haunted & in past many people have claimed to witnessed paranormal things over there but in reality that is because of the Accident prone nature of the roads pertaining to the bad condition of roads.

Malshej Ghat

Pen District
Malshej Ghat (Mountain View)
Malshej Ghat

Covered by the dense and the beautiful Western Ghats, Malshej Ghat is a popular trekking destination, which is at its best during the summer and monsoon season. Plenty of hidden waterfalls and flamingos are the major Things to Do of the place. Located about 140 km from Pune, one can reach by road within 3 hours. Harischandraghad is a popular trekking destination near Malshej. Other places of interest are Jivdhan fort, Shivneri fort, Lenyadri caves and the Pimpalgaon – Joga dam.

Tamhini Ghat

Tamhini Ghat

Tamhini Ghat

Tamhini Ghat is a mountain passage located between Mulshi and Tamhini in Maharashtra, India.-Situated on the crest of the Western Ghat mountain ranges, TamhiniGhat is noted for its surroundings comprising scenic waterfalls, lakes and dense woods. Though the roads through this ghat are not in the best shape but scenery around would make you forget the bumpiness of the ride. The ghat section stretches almost 15 km & trust us every inch you travel will be worth of the scenes you’ll capture.

Amba Ghat

Amba Ghat

The high hills mountain pass is situated on the national highway 204 between Ratnagiri and Kolhapur. Amba Ghat nested in the Sahyadri mountain ranges and famous for its picturesque mountain landscapes,pleasant
 climate and a favorite weekend destination. Amba Ghat is also become one of the most famous venue for paragliding sport.

Khumbharli Ghat

Khumbharli Ghat

Kumbharli Ghat (Mountain View)

The Kumbharli Ghat is situated across the Western Ghats range and connects Konkan region of coastal Ratnagiri to Satara District. Kumbharli Ghatis one of the major mountain pass of Konkan region and always got a heavy traffic of transportation and vehicle. Famous Koyna Dam is situated at the eastern end of Kumbharli Ghat mountain pass.

Kashedi Ghat

Kashedi Ghat

The stunning Kashedi Ghat with deadly curve is situated near Poladpur in the Raigad district on NH 17, the national highway on the banks of the river Savitri. The deadly turns makes it one of the most dangerous mountain ghat of Maharashtra. Other mountain ghats are Nane Ghat, Shendurjana Ghat and Mahur Ghats. Western Ghats have so many other majestic mountain passes throughout its states such as wayanad Ghats.

Khambatki Ghat

Khambatki Ghat gives best view of Khandala throughout the year, Ghat is situated on southern border of the city of Pune. The Nira River passes through the region and veer is the largest dam on the Nira River.

Madhe Ghat

Madhe Ghat (Waterfall)

Madhe Ghat is located around 62 km south west of Pune bordering Raigad. The Madhe Ghat is an ancient historical route,unknown place and a very beautiful drive via lovely surroundings, sunset, ghat and waterfalls.

Varandha Ghat

Varandha Ghat During Monsoon
Varandha Ghat (Mountain View)

Varandha Ghat or mountain passage is situated on the crest of the Western Ghat mountain ranges and known for its surroundings, scenic waterfalls, lakes and dense woods. The Varandha ghat stretches almost 10 kilometres on route to Shivtharghal a famous tourist place.

Shidi Ghat & Ganesh Ghat

Shidi Ghat and Ganesh Ghat are two ghat on the route to Bhimashankar in the Ghat region of the Sahyadri hills. Bhimashankar is a wildlife sanctuary and part of Western Ghat,rich in floral and faunal diversity.

Karul Ghat & Bhuibawada Ghat

Gaganbawda is a town situated in the district of Kolhapur and gets the maximum rainfall during rainy season. The famous Karul Ghat and Bhuibawada Ghat starts immediately after Gaganbawada village are the most beautiful and very scenic in monsoon.

Ambenali Ghat

Ambenali Ghat (Mountain View)

Ambenali Ghat mountain road across the Western Ghats range on the Deccan plateau links the cities of Poladpur and Mahabaleshwar. The ghat road or mountain road is a 40 km long mountain ghat road with many hairpin turns and slope.